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British Surrender at Saratoga: October 17, 1777

Gates believes Burgoyne will soon launch an attack
On October 17, 1777, British and German troops under British general John Burgoyne surrendered to American general Horatio Gates, turning the tide of the Revolutionary War in the Americans’ favor.

In the summer of 1777, Burgoyne commenced his plan to lead his army down from Canada through upstate New York to meet up in Albany with other British troops moving in from the south and west. By doing so, he hoped to isolate New England and prevent it from presenting a united war effort with the other colonies.

However, near Saratoga the Americans had dug in, hoping to stall Burgoyne’s progress. On September 19, Burgoyne launched an attack, known as the Battle of Freeman’s Farm. Though at battle’s end the British commanded the field, they suffered much higher losses than the Americans, who outnumbered the British by several thousand and were also receiving a constant stream of new militia troops.

Burgoyne decided not to immediately attack the Americans again, perhaps waiting for word of the movements of fellow British general Henry Clinton. Finally, with supplies running low, Burgoyne began his attack in the Battle of Bemis Heights on October 7. This time it was the Americans who were victorious, led to success in large part by General Benedict Arnold, who, though previously dismissed by Gates, returned to the battlefield to rally the troops.

Terms of Surrender between Gates and Burgoyne at Saratoga

Burgoyne realized that at this point his two options were to retreat or surrender. He originally planned to retreat but discovered his path had been blocked by a contingent of Americans. Reluctantly, he agreed to surrender. After some back and forth between Burgoyne and Gates as to the terms, Burgoyne finally surrendered his army on October 17

Under the fairly generous terms of surrender, the British and Germans were to give up their weapons to their own officers after leaving camp. Then the troops were to march to Boston, where they were to return to England and never again fight in the war. (Congress, however, would later renege on this part of the agreement, and the troops remained prisoners of war for years.)

The American victory at Saratoga proved a pivotal event in the war. The victory led the French to openly side with the Americans a few months later, providing crucial funds, supplies, weapons, troops, and naval support.

Did you have any ancestors who fought in the Battles of Saratoga? Tell us about it! If you want to learn more about the battles and subsequent surrender, start a search on Fold3.


  1. Yes, my ancestor was at the Battle at Saratoga!
    His name, Joshua Dean(Virginia) in Morgan’s Rifle Regiment, of Col.Daniel Morgan.
    It is interesting that Joshua was given a 5 month furlough or 5 months off. Maybe this was a reward for him doing so well, or he was injured (no note of this in service record), or his family needed him…
    If you may know, please write me.
    Thanks, Jim Dane

    • Jim: I have a Joshua Dean, b. 1750 in Virginia, d. 1801 in S.C. Married, I believe, to Tabatha Mays. If this is the same Joshua as yours, I would appreciate your sharing the source of the information regarding his service in the Revolutionary War and particular the details you shared about the Battle at Saratoga. Thanks very much.

      Del Ritchhart, San Diego

    • I am curious about yur lastname. Did it evolve from Dean to Dane? Many misspelings back them that are reflected in changes now.

  2. My ancestor Ensign Edward Kingman served from Jan. 1, 1777 to Sept. 26, 1777 in Capt. Ephraim Burr’s (4th) Co., Col. John Bailey’s Regt. and was killed at Saratoga Sept. 26, 1777.

  3. Yes, my ancestor was Col. Jacob Wright, 1758-1844. He participated in the Battle of Bennington.
    He was one of the guard which escorted prisoner Burgoyne to Cambridge.

    • Any connection to Robert Wright from Cambridge who fought at Bunker Hill. His father
      was Dr.John (Fessenden) Wright. my 4th and 5th gr. gf.

    • My ancestor was killed at the Battle of Bennington, he would go into battle barefoot try on boots of the enemy he killed. By the second person’s boots he tried on he was killed! Very strange!
      He was Capt. Thomas Comstock 1739-1777. Came from CT and moved to VT.

  4. My great grandfather x5, Robert Carpenter, was killed in battle on October 7, 1777 at the 2nd Battle of Bemis Heights, Saratoga. This was in the same action which Benedict Arnold had his leg broken when his horse was shot and fell with him. Robert was a corporal in the 8th Massachusetts Infantry commanded by Capt. Keith in Col. Michael Jackson’s regiment. He left behind a 2 year old son who was his namesake. Thank goodness. I’m very proud to be the direct descendent of an American patriot.

  5. My ancestor, Russell Chamberlain was a private in Capt Warren’s Co and Col Bailey’s regiment at Saratoga. I visited the Battlefield a couple of weeks ago and the ranger described the battles for me. Then I was able to sign a guest book as the descendant of one of the soldiers. Fortunately he survived the Battle and his 3 years of service and eventually collected a pension, the details of which I found on Fold 3.

    • My great-great grandfather was Russell Chamberlain, born Dec. 4, 1799 in Williamstown, MA. His parents are listed as David and Susan, of New England. I have been trying for over 20 years to find information on his parents and grandparents. The only other place I have found the names David and Russell Chamberlain linked together is in the will of John Chamberlain of Thetford, Vt, mentioned as his grandsons in his will of 26 April 1799, which was proved 26 April 1802 (Orange Co. Probate, I., 167) I would be grateful for any other further information or links.

    • My search for more information on Russell Chamberlain has been frustrating. While I know certain things, proof is elusive. He married Louisa and had several children, including a son Russell, who was apparently in the War of 1812, I would like to know more about your Russell to see if there is a connection.

    • My Russell (b. Dec 4,1799, d. Dec 16, 1875), married Catherine Henderson (b. Feb 24, 1797, d. May 24,1884). His parents were listed as David and Susan of New England in the Williamstown, MA V.R. Their children were Julia, Catherine, Susan, Frances and David.

    • I forgot to list Henry as one of Russell and Catherine Chamberlain’s children on my last reply.

    • i am descended from William Chamberlain (1619-1706) and Rebecca Addington (1625-1692) and their daughter Sarah (1655-1735) of Billerica, MA. i have not traced Sarah’s siblings but there seems to be a lot of documentation of the residents of Billerica because it was a site of witch trials. Rebecca died in the Cambridge prison, acused of being a witch. She died before coming to trial.

      This William Chamberlain is the ancestor of General Chamberlain of Maine, who was at Gettysburg’s Little Round Top.

    • I have not been able to successfully identify his parents, but one source suggests that he was born in Connecticut. He enlisted in Great Barrington and married in Sheffield, MA. So far no other trace of him there. He was in Saratoga county after the war and ended up in Western New York where he died. Probably very poor and so was not recorded in official records. Hope someday to find out where he was from and who his family was.

    • There is a group refered to as WCGS that has done DNA research and testing to confirm the inter-relationship betwen the earliest Chamberlains coming to America. if you have done DNA testing you may be able to link to other Chamberlains. i found the following reference . [Editor’s Note: For further discussion of William’s wife’s name and the possibility of an additional marriage please read the article, “Comments on CAA 1902 Annual Report,” in Spring 2007 issue of the Chamberlain Key.] there is a possibility that in Chamberlain Key that you may find hints for research.

  6. My ggggg grandfather fought in this battle as part of the Green Mountain Boys. So proud of his part of history.

    • The Green Mountain Boys are still active. I was in Vermont when an engineering unit returned home from Iraq. The whole countryside had turned out to greet them. Well, they deserved it. GOD bless America!

  7. My ancestor Pvt Allen Graves fought at Saratoga, was at Valley Forge, and continued in service until the war’s end. His service at both appeared in his pension app. He also fought in the French and Indian War. His commanding officers were also Bailey and Warren.

  8. My ancestor was Oliver Boardman. He was present at the surrender and wrote a journal.

  9. My ancestor was a Hessian soldier who was a POW from the battle at Saratoga but went AWOL on the march towards Boston. He stayed in Connecticut, married and his great grandson was the personal physician for Teddy Roosevelt–Capt. George Augustus Lung, MD.

    • My ancestor, Leonhard Kratz was also a Hessian soldier who fought with Burgoyne and was taken prisoner. He utlimately escaped, and journeyed to Kentucky with his new bride. They were attacked by Indians at Riddells fort and separated, then reunited in Detroit. After many trials and tribulations they bought land in Essex County, Ontario and started a family…name changed to Scratch by an English teacher. An incredible story of survival!

  10. Yes my Grandfather Col. James Burden, served the papers on and to Benjamin Chew for treason. by order of the United States Contential Congress . Chew was arrested and taken back to Virginia for trial, but before he could be tried the War ended and he was released.

  11. My ancestor George Bartels a Brunswick German soldier surrendered at the Battle of Saratoga but later escaped during the forced march to Virginia and lived out his life in Lancaster Pa but fathered many children who later Pioneered Ohio. The family later changed their name to Bortel.I researched the family thoroughly and wrote a book about the Hessian Soldier, George Herman Heinrich Bartels who was born in the City of Brunswick Germany.

  12. The Stoughton (Mass.) Historical Society has transcribed and published the diary of Militia Pvt./Corp. Ezra Tilden, who was at Ticonderoga-Fort Independence in the summer of 1976 and at Saratoga in 1777. He did not see combat there, but wrote such entries as, “P.M. as I was going toward Saratoga to meet our regiment to carry them provisions I saw Gen Arnold’s horse that was the day before shot under him and several dead and naked men I saw that day that were killed that day in the battle that day before., and now I have just heard that the regulars are fled, are gone and Gen Burgoyne’s markee with all their markees are I hear left standing and they are more now it is supposed toward Ticonderoga again. Our men have this this morning been into Burgoyne’s tent. Some deserters 30 or more they say came in to us last night or this morning and some of them say that they walked three or four miles with Burgoyne last night in the woods, “

  13. My 4 times great grandfather, Benjamin Jennings, also served with Morgan’s Riflemen. My husband and I were in upstate New York and visited the battlefield park on the 238th anniversary of the first battle. What fortunate timing as we were able to visit with several British and American re-enactors and learned so much about the battle.

  14. My 5x great grandfather William McConnell served in the 1st New York Battalion and fought at Saratoga as well as Monmouth and Yorktown with the surrender of Cornwallis. Exciting stuff!!

  15. My 5th greatgrandfather was George Conrad Schumann. He was a Rifleman in the Riedesel Regiment, one of the Brunswickers from Germany. He was captured at Breymann’s redoubt and imprisoned at Fishkill N.Y. He escaped from there and eventually settled around Clarence N.Y.

  16. Lt. Col. Frederick Weissenfels, then a major, had been with Burr at Quebec, then Saratoga. He was serving with the New York Levies. He was active until New York ordered a reduction in force. He was at Valley Forge. At Monmouth he and General Philip Schuler lead a bayonet charge that assisted Washington in rallying the army after Gen. Charles Lee’s debacle. Later, he was called up again to protect New York’s northern border from British and Indian incursions along with Marrius Willet, later Sheriff of New York City. He died penniless in New Orleans in 1806. Three of his sons also fought in the Revolution: Charles, Peter, and John.

  17. My ancestor Seward Poland was there

  18. My 4th great grandfather, Private Moses Miles (Mighill/Mihills) served in Capt. Frederick Bell’s Company, Lt. Col. George Reid’s Regiment, 2nd NH Line. Capt. Bell was injured during the 16 Sept. 1777 Battle of Stillwater and died 9 Oct. 1777. Private Miles was at the 19 Sept. 1777 Battle of Freeman’s Farm and the 17 Oct. 1777 surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga. Private Miles spent the winter of 1777 at Valley Forge, PA with Washington’s Army.

  19. Does any one know if there were any artillery corps at Saratoga? And what were they, please? Were there any units that were at Ticonderoga at Saratoga?

    • The only artillery specifically listed in the American Order of Battle on p 372, Appendix D of John Luzader, Saratoga: A Military History, Savas Beattie, LLC, New York and El Dorado Hills, CA, 2006, is Stevens’ Independent Brigade of Artillery under Maj. Ebenezer Stevens. My impression is that there was other artillery, but it is lumped with the foot soldiers and riflemen, etc in the listing of brigades.

    • Thank you Jon.
      I had not been able to confirm that My ancestor William Loudon participated at Saratoga. Drum Major William Loudon served under Lt Nathaniel Donnell in Stevens Corps. These two men served together from Ticonderoga 1776 thru to the end of the war in 1783. Drum Major William Loudon wintered at Jockey Hollow 1779-1780 and then served as Drum Major twice at West Point during 1780. In the pension records, Oliver Stetson, who also served in Stevens Corps, testified that because William, a Scotsman, spoke fluent French, William was able to procure provisions for the Corps from the locals in upstate New York.

  20. I have ancestors on both sides of this conflict.

    Samuel Proctor was with Capt. Lane, Col. Alden at Saratoga. He saw action at Bemis Heights. Later in the war he was taken captive during the Cherry Valley Massacre and held prisoner by the Iroquois for almost a year.

    My German ancestor was a surgeon with Burgoyne’s German troops on the other side of the battle. After being taken prisoner he was paroled. He then came to the German settlement on the coast of Maine where he took a wife and settled.

  21. Ancestry claims my 4th g. grandfather was a “mercenary” from the Duchy of Brunswick fighting in the Revolutionary War, but they don’t mention any of those names. I also found out these weren’t mercenaries – they were conscripted by their duke/ruler and their “services” were sold to the British to line the pockets of these German dukes. See “The 30 Years War”, by Peter H. Wilson.

    Interesting what you learn by reading a book to get the other point of view.

    Another interesting note: the image they sent me had my 4th g. grandfather’s name on it, and I attached it to him. Now I look up that attached record, and it’s been changed to an index card with a completely different name on it. Hmm-m-m-m. What is the truth, and who is perpetuating it?

  22. My ancestor Moses Chaplin was at the battle Saratoga. He was with
    Captain Rand’s Company in Col Daniel Moore’s Regiment. He was 17 years old and from Rindge NH. He enlisted for a month in Exeter NH and I believe his regiment traveled with Gen Whipple to Saratoga in response to calls for more volunteers

  23. My 5x great grandfather, Ephraim Woodworth (Sr.) was a Captain of the local militia, the 4th NY of the 13th Regiment and fought in the battles in that area. His house and barn which were located just south of the roads to Bemis Heights and Ballston were used by Gen. Gates as headquarters and hospital. Second Lieutenant Thomas Hunt, my 4x great grandfather, was married to Jerusha Woodworth (Ephraim’s daughter) and he fought in all the battles around that area and later served under Col. Frederick Weisesenfels.

    • Hi Susan,

      Capt. Ephraim is my 3rd Cousin 8x Removed, we share Thomas Rogers as a common ancestor. Please see my post on 10/9/15.

      Thanks Dave

  24. My ancestor, 1st Lt. Basil Prather served in Morgan’s Rifles under Capt Van Swearingen. Capt Swearingen was wounded and captured during the Battle of Freeman’s Farm leaving Lt. Basil Prather in command of the unit. This information was gleaned from the agent at the Battle of Saratoga Museum who had research material.

    • RE: Meriwether C. Schmid
      October 3, 2015 at 10:35 am
      My ancestor, 1st Lt. Basil Prather served in Morgan’s Rifles under Capt Van Swearingen. Capt Swearingen was wounded and captured during the Battle of Freeman’s Farm leaving Lt. Basil Prather in command of the unit. This information was gleaned from the agent at the Battle of Saratoga Museum who had research material.

      *****I Have a Basil Prather in my ancestry but the records are somewhat inconsistent. Do you have more info regarding him?

      Mine was born abt 1740 or 1742. And was married to a Chlorinda Robertson. I believe he was born in Maryland.

    • Kay Baldwin – Hi ! My Basil Prather was born 3 May 1751 in Prince George Co., Maryland. He was the son of Thomas Prather (1704-1785) and Elizabeth Clagett (b. abt1708) He married Frances Meriwether in Louisville, Ky. He died in Louisville Jan 1803. Hope this helps. Meriwether

  25. Our GGGG grandfater is Ethan Allen. Green Mountain Boys from Vermont.

  26. I have found that my 4th great grandfather, Gideon George and his son Gideon George, Jr. both fought in the second battle of Saratoga. They were in Drake’s Regiment of the NH Militia and fought under Gen. Ebenezer Learned at Bemis Heights. Fascinating history to be directly related to a Revolutionary War hero!

  27. My 4th great grandfather lived near the battlefield and walked with neighbors to watch the battle. His town accused him of being a Loyalist but then decided that if they only watched and didn’t fight it was okay.

  28. My great-great-great grandfather, Jesse Graves, was a member of the Green Mountain Boys and fought at the battle of Hubbardton, VT. He was captured there by the British and taken to Fort Ticonderoga. He was supposedly under the command of Seth Warner.
    Jesse died as a British prisoner of war. The only evidence of what happened to him is in his son’s Nathaniel Graves’s pension record. I have been unable to find any other documentation. I am descended from his first son, William, who also fought in the Revolutionary War as an Indian Scout based at Castleton, VT.
    Would love to hear if someone else had documentation regarding the militia at the Battle of Hubbardton.

  29. also had a great (several times back) grandfather who fought at the battle of Bennington. He lived in Poultney, VT with his wife and many children. He was away when she had to flee because of a feared attack. Can someone correct me or were there soldiers part of the Green Mountain boys. You know how stories by family get convoluted.

  30. I just finished a book by Nathaniel Philbrick on Bunker Hill and he tells about how much the final assault on Boston was effected by the Battle of Saratoga. The patriots were running dangerously low on gunpowder and lacked artillery needed for the assault. A supply came from the powder and artillery confiscated from the Battle of Saratoga and transported by water and over land. It’s a GREAT read.

    • I think you are mixing up some dates here. Saratoga happened more than a year AFTER the Brits had left Boston. Cannon did get sledded down from Ticonderoga by Henry Knox back in 75/76, after Arnold and Ethan Allen captured Ticonderoga and Crown Point, both being lightly defended at the time.

  31. My 5 great grandfather, Jacob Yaple, was a sharpshooter at Saratoga when Burgoyne surrendered. He served as a private in Col. Wynkoop’s Regiment, Capt. Pawling’s Company, and Capt. Swart’s Company. He also served with General Sullivan against the Indians in NY. He owned a Revolutionary War gun marked “Christ Oerter”, Christ Spring, 1774.
    This is according to “The Yaple Family in America” by Doris Yaple Giest & Roland Yaple. pg 294

    • I have a 4ggf named Jacob Yaple too, same person.

    • If he was married to Maria Dumond, then yes the same person. Jacob was a popular name in the family and everyone in the USA with the name Yaple/Yaples/Yeaple are related to each other through Jacob’s father Phillip Henry Yaple who is the only one known to have brought the name to the US.

  32. Three cousins in the Connecticut militia fought in the battle of Bennington. Their father, Moses Field, was using a hoe to cultivate his corn field. . He could hear the cannon and rifle fire and became so upset that he had to stop and return to his house. The next day he got word that all three were well. The cousins liked and respected Benedict Arnold and told how he ran onto the field, directing and encouraging them to stay in the battle.

  33. My great grandfather x4, James McNish, a Scotch-Irish immigrant from Northern Ireland. He helped build a fort near New Perth, NY, to defend against and was wounded in the neck on or about 13 October 1777 in the Second Battle of Saratoga (Battle of Bemis Heights).

  34. My ancestor, Peter Able Bonse, was a Hessian (Brunswicker) who fought with the British at Saratoga. He deserted in the Mass. Berkshires, married a Mahican lady (Anglicanized name “Lydia”). They settled in Oxford, Worcester, Mass, had their first child there in 1779, had 9 more children there and became productive citizens in their community. Peter became a naturalized citizen in 1812.

  35. I MAY have had an ancestor at Saratoga. I have a g-g-g-g-grandfather named Johannes Steinhoff or John Stinehof, who Settled in Canada near Niagara Falls in 1782. There seem to have been a Johan and a Johannes Steinhoff among the “Hessian” troops under Burgoyne’s command. One Steinhoff is believed to have been in a Grenadier Battalion commanded by Lt Col Heinrich von Breymann, part of a regiment of Brunswickers under the overall command of Maj Gen Friederich von Riedesel, though it is unclear whether Steinhoff was actually from Brunswick; the other was in a group from Hesse-Hanau, perhaps the Erbprinz Regiment under General von Gall.
    Johannes Steinhoff in the Brunswick regiment disappeared at “Sharon” (probably Sharon, Connecticut, a small town near the New York State border) on 21 Nov 1778. It is tempting to speculate that he may have made his way from there to Newton Twp, Sussex Co, NJ (a distance of perhaps 80 miles), where our ancestor named Johannes Steinhoff is thought to have lived before moving to Canada.
    So, did John Steinhoff of Upper Canada come from New Jersey? Or did one of the mercenaries who fought for the British travel to Canada and take up farming? The problem with the same person being all three—the New Jersey resident, a mercenary, and a Canadian Loyalist—is that there is a 1774 New Jersey tax record that John “Stinehuff” had 10 acres and two “horses and/or cattle”. That would be three years before the Battle of Saratoga. The Germans that fought at Saratoga were transported from Europe to Quebec and marched down to Saratoga from there. If the New Jersey Steinhoff was involved in that campaign he would seemingly have had to return to Europe first.
    The problem is further complicated by Steinhoff’s grandson, Joseph Elson, who wrote in 1864:
    “. . . my father John Elson as I have been informed was one of the Germen leageon that was hiered by the British government to come to America for to try and put down the rebellion then going on there this leagon ten thousand in number was raised in and near Hesson Casel in Germany and they were called Hessons and at the close of the war the greater part of them settled in Upper Canada around York and near Niagara falls up Chipawa creek they were among those who were call United Empire Loyalists . . .”
    I have found 2 documents giving John Elson’s age. According to one he would have been 8 at the time of Saratoga, according to the other, 12. Did Joseph somehow attach a story to his father that really belonged to his mother’s father?

    • I, too, have a 4rh g. grandfather who may have fought for the British in the Revolutionary War. He was from the Duchy of Brunswick, which is today a part of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), but if the record Ancestry threw up is correct, he came back home about 2 years after he arrived in Quebec. I attached the image of the passenger list to his profile, but in wanting to go back to look at it again, I discovered Ancestry had substituted it with an index card, which is lacking a lot of information that was on the image.

      Supposedly, he arrived in Quebec some time in 1778. If he fought in the Battle of Saratoga, his commanding officer would have been von Riedesel. After he got back home, he married Catrine Riewesel/Rievesel/Riebesel. Linguistically, these two names are very different, but it is still a possibility that the commanding officer and Catrine were related, though small.

      I’ve been reading Peter H Wilson’s, “The 30 Years War” (an exceptionally good author on European history, I might add), in which he gives great attention to the history of the culture of the Holy Roman Empire over a 250 yr. period. In there, I discovered these “Hessian mercenaries” were not all Hessians, and definitely not mercenaries, by today’s definition. As I said previously, my 4th great grandfather was from Brunswick, that is, from an area that in tribal times, was occupied by the Anglos, and east of them, by the Saxons.

      The erbprinzes (ancient nobility/royalty) of this area were close cousins to King Georg of England (he was of the House of Hannover). The rulers of these duchies had a habit of selling the services of their soldiers, and pocketing the money. These soldiers were conscripted, they did not volunteer for these duties.

      By the late 1700’s, their people were pretty tired of the spilling of their sons and husbands blood on foreign soil, so these dukes were making more effort at protecting their soldiers. In their deal with King Georg, he was to pay the soldiers directly, and then pay the dukes certain monies on top of that. The German soldiers were to be commanded only by their ducal designated commanding officers, not by British officers. So it is erroneous to say these soldiers were commanded by any British officer, though the British and German commanders did work together on their battle plans. (Please note the fact that one British officer struck out on his own anyway, to the loss of his whole unit. George Custer did the very same thing in the Battle of the Little Bighorn, to the same end, a century later. Such actions are the result of arrogance and pride – greed for glory, but that was the order of the day. The Germans were far more disciplined in their plans and actions.)

      The German soldiers who became sick and/or injured were also to be tended to by German doctors, not British doctors, and all loss of life, for any reason, and/or sick/injured soldier was to be monetarily compensated for – to the dukes, not the soldiers’ families. Here I have to ask, how do you put a price on the life of a human being?

      I might also add that most of these greedy dukes were disenfranchised not long after the Revolutionary War.

  36. My 3X great grandfather, James Westurn, joined the British Army in 1776 at the age of 16. He was sent to Ireland, from there sailed to Quebec where he joined Burgoyne’s army. He was captured at Saratoga and was taken to the Boston area. After several months as a prisoner he wrote that he “walked away” and ended up in Vermont. He settled there, married and even joined the Continental Army toward the end of the war and his widow was granted a pension from that service.

  37. I believe that Benedict Arnold is a relative of my Mother’s family. Her name was Pierson. I don’t know much more about it, but would love to learn.

  38. My first American Ancestor was Jean Jacques Bonnett. His son Samuel Baxter Bonnett was in the American military. His son Peter Bonnett was listed as a spy for the Americans. I am not sure of any of their specific ranks or battles they may have participated in. If that information is available I would appreciate any help . Thank you. MJMBrown

  39. My 6th great grandfather, William Colstton, was a teenage cook in Burgoyns army, after they surrendered he was taken to Massachusetts and later released, he eventually settled in Vermont.

  40. British Surrender at Saratoga: October 17, 1777

    October 1, 2015 by Trevor | 49 Comments

  41. Since the Dutch Tiger brothers, uncles, brothers, cousins made their sailing vessels and in the 1600s sailed into what is now the East River. .(my ex husbands relatives) at what is now The Delaware Water Gap, New Jersey Some took up farming and dealing (stealing by paying very little in exchange for meaningful land)to the Indians of that area and across the river what is now New York..which the Dutch founded.
    The name Tiger is not a Dutch name which had many folks confused…..however there were around six sailing vessels.don’t know for sure and they named their boats, one was Tiger, so the men on their boat took the name of their boat so everyone would know who they were and where they came from ie Holland as far as I know. There is a family bible which I had actually held and tried to read. My sister-in-law, now deceased used to take it to school in Pompton Plains, NJ for show and tell. It is her cousin in Florida who know is in possession of this historical book. We don’t know about their military service, if any. Half of the Tiger sailing vessel was discovered in the New York East River, half burned and half ok but unusable. Also the anchor stamped TIGER or Tiger was discovered when the digging began for the Twin Towers Memorial. If anyone knows more about this historical group,
    you can send an email to [email protected].
    From the little I have gathered, those Tigers and other early settlers always had 10 children to work the farm land that they developed…so we know most of them in NJwere farmers.
    The 10 children many times dwindled to 8 or even 6 or 7 due to accidents and disease. My father-law-Paul McCollum Tiger, Sr.( “married to Estele Ellett, a family of later settlers but was one of the poor relatives connected to the Vanderbilts”), was the last of the 10 children families. He had four chldren, Paul McCollum Tiger, Jr. (my ex) Peter Tiger, Pamela Tiger and James Tiger. We live in the San Jose area of CA. Peter and wife Barbera live in NY or NJ just at the border James lives in AZ and sadly, Pamela just past away year. They were raised in Pompton Plains, N.J.
    I am Judith E. Sawer (originally Sauer) from Clifton, NJ and Erskine lakes (Historical Ringwood Borough) Married Paul Tiger, Jr. in the Catholic Church in Midvale or Haskell, NJ
    Paul Tiger, Jr. lives with his wife outside of San Jose, CA
    and I live in Cupertino,CA We have three sons,
    Paul M. Tiger 3rd, in Beleveder, CA, David Alan Tiger, San Jose, CA and Jon Eric Tiger, Cupertino, CA.
    If anyone has information on any of the Tigers, please let us know. Wow, all that from a sailing vessel from Holland to
    the Delaware Water Gap as it is known today or the East River in New York as it is known today. Remember this land was occupied only by Indians and the Tigers and whatever other Dutch sailing vessels in that sailing party were the first white settlers.

  42. My only historical knowledge of the Tigers and their sailing vessel from Holland named so after the tough and enduring animals is above. If anyone has any information to add,
    please contact me at the above email address. Thank you.
    Judith E. Tiger. I am 78 yrs. old, born at St. Joseph’s RC Church in Paterson, NJ

  43. Hi! My g/g/g/g/g-father Robert Caldwell UEL ( 1735, Co. Antrim, Ireland; d. 1825, New Carlisle, Qc,CAN) fought in The Battle of Saratoga 1777. He farmed in White Ck / New Perth, Charlotte Co. NY Province (now Salem, Washington Co. NYS) from 1766-67 on Turners Patent 1764. He initially joined the Patriots until he conveniently “jumped ship” with his farm-hand Prince (who was killed in The Battle) and taking his bullock team also. After the Battle, he was imprisoned for 18 months (where I DNK ??) for refusing to swear allegiance to The 13 Colonies. Upon his release he returned to his farm & family [spouse Sarah H. Todd & 4 chn – John Todd (my g/g/g/g-f), James, Robert, Elizabeth & Andrew Todd) and proceeded to canvas his neighbours if they were prepared to have him as a member of the community. Only One Neighbour by the name of “Mad” More/Moore (who is known to have shot at his own son who had joined the British) threatened to kill him if he stayed. Hence, Robert walked off his farm in 1779 & headed for Canada, where he and his family resided in a refugee camp for the next 5 yrs (looks like nothings changed in 276 yrs!!). In 1784 he was rewarded & occupied his allocation of farmland at New Carlisle, He even sent his son to reclaim his farm in Salem but found that it had been sold by ” a fire sale” to a William Mathew, who threatened with his life if he did not get off the property. As a result he sought compensation for his property, buildings & cattle at the Halifax Claims, but to no avail.

    Bob Caldwell (G/g/g-son of Charles Campbell C.- b.1812, New Carlisle, d.1879, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, the son of John Todd C, and who just somehow happened to bob-up & marry in Sydney, NSW, Australia in 1842, with not one detail of his background on their marriage certificate. It has taken his “Australian Caldwell Descendants” over 150 yrs to discover it. Very inconsiderate of him, don’t you think?)

    P.S My research “brickwall” since I commenced in 2010, has been to find/discover/recover/whatever where my g/g/g/g/g-f Robert was exactly born &/or married and hence lead to who his and Sarah’s parents were hopefully? A Big Ask but any help/hint would be greatly appreciated., “Like Us All” did I hear you say?

  44. I am a direct descendant of Samuel Worthen, born 26 April 1739 in Hampstead, New Hampshire. He died 10 Jul 1815 in Weare, New Hampshire. Samuel served in the War of the Revolution. He was a member of the company of Minute Men, commanded by Captain Jonathan Atwood of Weare, New Hampshire, which marched on the Lexington alarm of April 1775. On July 11, 1775, he enlisted in Captain John Parker’s company, Colonel Timothy Bedel’s regiment, which was raised to take part in Montgomery’s invasion of Canada. He signed the Association Test at Weare, New Hampshire on June 6, 1776 and served that year on the Weare Committee of Safety. In December of 1776, he served in the Army of New York and took part in the campaign against General Burgoyne in 1777, serving in Captain Peter Clark’s company, Colonel Daniel Moore’s regiment of New Hampshire Militia.

  45. My several times great grandfather is in this picture. Prescott-the one where you can see just his head. I have a book of Art of the Nation’s Capitol and he is listed in this picture.


  47. My 4th Great Grandfather Wright Spalding was a Continental soldier at Saratoga.

    An extract from my family history book:

    On 16 April, 1776, at the age of 19 years, Wright Spalding joined the cause for freedom. Signing on as a Private, Wright joined Ashley’s Regiment of Militia or the 1st Berkshire County Militia Regiment of the Massachusetts Line that was called up in July of 1777. They served at Fort Edward as reinforcements for the Continental Army during the Saratoga Campaign. From there the regiment joined the forces of Gen. Horatio Gates in opposition to British General John Burgoyne in New York. They also served in General Patterson’s Brigade. The regiment dis-banded on 18 October, 1777 due to the surrender of Burgoyne’s Army. In his own writing, Wright wrote that he served in the war for five years (he likely may have joined the Continental Army in 1777). Research documents show his separation from the Army was on 31 December, 1779 with 3½ years of service. On 22 May, 1819 Wright was placed on the military retirement rolls while residing in Saranac, Clinton, New York.

  48. Georg Friedrich BODE, my 5th great grandfather, was an Ensign in the Regiment von Riedesel, Colonel von Speth’s Company.
    He was captured at Saratoga in October 1777 and marched with other captives to Winter Hill, Massachusetts. They remained there until November 1778 when the captives were marched to Albemarle Barracks, Charlottesville, Virginia finally arriving there in January 1779. A muster roll taken at Albemarle Barracks on 14 September 1779 lists “Friedrich Bode”.
    On 1 October 1782, Friedrich enlisted in Captain Anthony Selin’s Company of Moses Hazen’s 2nd Canadian Regiment (Congress’s Own Regiment) in Lancaster, Pennsylvania thus fighting for the American cause. Several certificates of back pay and other accounts were issued at the end of the Revolution by Major Richard Lloyd, an agent of Selin’s, to George Bodey.
    Friedrich settled in Rockingham County, Virginia where he remained until his death in 1818.
    Additional information on Friedrich Bode (Bodey) can be found in the “Journal of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, Vollume 7, Number 3, 2003, pp70-71”.

  49. My 4th great grandfather was a Brunswick soldier with General Reidesel at the battles of Saratoga. He was captured and took off in Frederick Maryland while being moved to Charlottesville, Virginia. He stayed in America and since he never returned to Brunswick the Duke didn’t receive money for his service. This got him labeled as a deserter. His name was Carl Hesse now Hess. There is a list of Brunswick soldiers who stayed in America in a book called Brunswick Troops in North America 1776-1783. Index of All Soldiers Who Remained in North America by Claus Reuter. Copies can be purchased or found in some libraries. A website called World Cat will list the libraries closest to you which have a copy of the book. There is also a website that has a list of some of the troops that remained in America, but I am not sure of the website anymore.

  50. My ancestor Charles Parker from Stamford, Vermont marched on alarm to Saratoga and joined General Stark there.