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May 20, 1941: The Battle of Crete Begins

The Battle of Crete began on May 20, 1941, when German forces began a massive airborne invasion of the Greek island of Crete during WWII. Thousands of German paratroopers (called Fallschirmjäger) landed on Crete, where they encountered tenacious resistance from Greek troops assisted by Allies from Britain, New Zealand, and Australia – and determined Cretan citizens. Though German forces suffered appalling losses on the first day, they later captured a key airfield, allowing a flood of German reinforcements and supplies to arrive. After days of intense fighting, Allied troops retreated to the south coast, where the British Royal Navy evacuated many to Egypt. Those left behind surrendered to Germany on June 1st. The Battle of Crete resulted in a German victory but came at a steep cost. Germany never launched a major airborne mission again.  

German paratroopers land during the Battle of Crete

In April 1941, Germany invaded the Greek mainland. After the fall of mainland Greece, Allied armies moved to Crete to reinforce the garrison on the island. The British Royal Navy dominated the sea, preventing German forces from attempting an amphibious assault on Crete. Germany responded with aerial bombing raids.

Hitler realized that if Allies held on to Crete, it could threaten Axis powers in the Eastern Mediterranean. He approved an invasion plan known as Operation Mercury. It would include 750 glider-borne troops, 10,000 paratroopers, 5,000 airlifted infantry troops, and 7,000 seaborne troops. One of the first goals was to capture Maleme Airfield. This would allow Germany to bring in additional reinforcements and supplies.

Crashed German glider with two of its occupants lying dead (photo from Imperial War Museum)

As Nazi officials planned the invasion, they were unaware that Allies had intercepted German intelligence from decrypted messages from the Enigma machine. Allies knew about Germany’s invasion intentions and began to make defensive preparations.

Record for German soldier killed on Crete

On the morning of May 20th, the invasion began. Allies were ready and waiting as thousands of paratroopers dropped from the skies. They became targets, with many dying before reaching the ground. German losses were huge, and by the end of the first day, it appeared that Allied troops would successfully repel the invasion. However, a series of communication failures and tactical errors allowed Germany to take Maleme Airfield on the second day of fighting, and the tides began to turn in Germany’s favor.

German troops pushed forward with a strong offensive while Allies put up a tenacious defense. Joining Allies was a strong civilian resistance force. The determined civilian defense surprised Germany and later led to brutal reprisals.

After days of punishing losses, Allies retreated across the mountains and towards the south coast. Over the next four nights, the Royal Navy evacuated some 10,500 troops to Egypt. Some of those troops died en route to Egypt during a Luftwaffe attack. On June 1st, most of the remaining soldiers surrendered to Germany. A small minority fled into the mountains and joined the local resistance.

If you would like to learn more about the Battle of Crete or other WWII battles, search Fold3® today!


  1. sidney orr says:

    One should conclude that an armed citizenry can be an important/effective factor in repelling invaders. One can also make a case for local militias, and, certain aspects of military and physical training throughout life. Many observers (sociologists?) note the declne of fitness and the rise of obesity in most first-world countries.

    • Donna says:

      Good comment. I would add that an “armed citizenry” may be an effective deterrent not only to foreign invaders, but to domestic threats as well.

    • John Gorman says:

      Given that their over 40 million hunters who are armed and trained in proper utilization of a rifle any invasion of the US would meet resistance from the Army, National guard and armed citizens in every town and city. Japan assessed this in WW II and decided that a successful invasion of the US mainland would be impossible.

    • Howard Lowe says:

      I am afraid we are seeing the de-fanging of America. We have a large minority (say 30%) of leftists who are buying into the Biden debacle. Add another 30- 50 of the Democrats who will not make a move except with their lips. This leaves say 20% who will standup and be counted. Now go to the GOP – 50% will give lip service, 30% will watch and maybe hide. This leaves 20% who standup and be counted. Total freedom fighters = 40%. This amounts to about the same % in France, Denmark, Holland, and Norway in WWII. Guerrilla warfare will be carried out; but it must have outside support to win. I get all this nonsense about how many guns we Americans have – as I remember the Germans confiscated them by shooting hostages, holding family, and other methods that we would never consider using.
      We had better wake up now .. before it is too late. OR, 2020 may have been our last election.

    • Paul Hindenburg says:

      Great comment. I believe that if you look at the American War for Independence only 10% of the population supported it initially and 40% at the wars end. I truly believe that there are countries who would support us with weapons, training, and money. Isreal for one. Poland, maybe Hungary for another.
      Our armed forces at least the troops would also. Officer corps maybe 50-50.

    • Spruce Margaret Lynch says:

      If the US was invaded with an all out land assault, peoples’ weight would not be an issue. Nobody would care. We would be so focused on saving ourselves and our families , that we would be galvanized to defensive strategy. We would Never.find that we could do things we never thought possible, whether we are in shape or not. I agree that we could become more physically fit.
      I also believe that if we were attacked our survival instinct would kick in and we would prevail. Never underestimate Americans’ will to win. Never.

    • Anandakos says:

      @Donna, you mean the Sunday Soldiers decked out in rams’ horns and night vision goggles? Those “armed citizenry”?

    • Loweja Dogs says:

      We’ll said. You got that right
      Unfit and a lot lazy to boot. Personally I also think that there are to many drug affected or alcoholics that are Unfit to serve. My first hand knowledge overhearing conversations with the 16 to 25yr olds is they would never serve their country. Let the others die. And in my opinion the 3 strikes your out law should be 1 strike and off to boot camp. To many undisciplined teens these days. Am just giving my opinion here and what I have heard. And there’s a lot of people who think “the others” can die for the country.
      Wander what would happen if a bomb dropped on their house and killed their family. Hmmm

  2. Paul Hindenburd says:

    Agree to both statements. One need look no further than Lexington Green on April 20th, 1775. The colonists lost the battle at Lexington but that engagement began the loss of Britains colonies in what became the US. A determined armed citizenry is important for foreign invaders and treasonous want to be domestic tyrants to fear.

    • Gary says:

      A very good point. Here in the USA we probably don’t have to worry about an invasion force attacking. There are 353 million registered weapons owned by private citizens here. China has about 18 million and Russia has about 30 million. The movie Red Dawn is not a realistic scenario in today’s world.

    • Stephanie K Foust says:

      Let’s see I’m the widow of a military officer, mother of a just-retired Airborne, daughter to two stepfathers both military, both grandfathers served our country. I think my family alone makes up for those who prefer not to serve but want to sit on their laurels and complain. I’m proud of the males in my family and of those of others that have served and are currently serving. Oh, also my daughter-in-law served her country for over 10 years, as well as myself.

    • Lori. says:

      They sure were Hugh. The Russians were the first troops to enter Germany when the war was over. Imagine the horror they faced. Breaks my heart. Still if there is a invasion I think yes instincts will kick in but kaos would follow (like the chain of command broke down in 9/11) and the next war could very well be the silent one
      Biological aka COVID 19.

  3. John H. Jansen Jr. says:

    Very interesting.

    • Kavika Soderlund says:

      Who owns a “Registered weapon”? None of mine are “Registered”…

  4. Paul Hindenburg says:

    No we have to worry about the traitors who would sell the Republic out for coin of the realm. There were traitors in 1775-1783, 1860-1865 and not necessary reference to the South, think Secretary of War Stanton and even in 1940’s when the Democrat Vice President of the US gave the Russians military secrets. These are the type of traitors (including politicians) we have to worry about. Plus the brainwashed radical moronic nimcampoops.

    • Westerj says:

      How about selling…. no wait…. giving our manufacturing method and machinery to foreign lands of state directed “companies” that target our ability to remain sovereign? Masks.. PPE should be a wake up call. I tried to get differential gears for my car. All are made overseas ( pacific). That could be a wake up call. Modern day warfare may not involve bullets and hand grenades.

    • Leah jennings says:

      Those brainwashed, moronic nincompoops are the ones who worry me the most. Some people get a charge out of following the crowd.

    • Hugh says:

      You do realize that Russia was an ally in 1940.

    • John Michael Moran says:

      No they weren’t. The German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact was still operating in 1940. The USA was not in the war either. It was technically neutral too in 1940.

    • H. W. Carroll says:

      Almost all of the traitors to the United States of America during the Civil War lived in the Deep South.

      You must be trying to rewrite history.

  5. Valerie V. Choudhury says:

    I’ve been reading books on WW 1 because at 85 my education to European wars ended with the Franco-Prussian War. To avoid that war my ancestor left Prussia moved to a town in N Y state where his sisters lived. He then moved to Nashville TN where he married a girl of very old family Orleans Betts, whose ancestor an English sailor came to Jamestown in 1619 and to TN in 1783. I’m still close to the von Mach family from which my draft dodger great grand-father came. So much for the Royal Prussian Military College! He committed suicide years later because under the circumstances he couldn’t go back to Germany, where his younger brother inherited the estate. He was the oldest. He left eight children and a widow. His children never forgave him.

    • Loweja says:

      They sure were Hugh. The Russians were the first troops to enter Germany when the war was over. Imagine the horror they faced. Breaks my heart.

  6. Erin says:

    If you ever visit Crete, please go and show support to Andreas and the museum his father started, the War Museum of Askifou.
    To my knowledge their family has maintained this tribute without help from the government…it is such a reminder of the casualties of war.

    • Brian R Siddle says:

      I visited that Museum with my farther in 1995, it is fantastic I have photographs of my farther and andreas`s farther.
      My farther was one of the uk troops taken as a POW on Crete, and spent the reast of ww11 in Germany.
      My farther is still with us at the ripe old age of 101.

  7. Gary Henderson says:

    My Uncle Mick (Michael Patrick O’Connor, 1900-1992) was in a Field Post Office in Greece and then Crete. In the late stages of the evacuation by the Royal Navy, married men were taken off but unmarried were left. So he ended-up as a reluctant guest of the 3rd Reich, somewhere in the far north of Germany. Like many former PoWs, he was extremely skinny. Although he lived to age 82, he was in poor health for his last 20 years.

    • DALE ZALAORAS says:

      So much for the Enigma machines decoding of Germen invasion plans – allied military leaders KNEW the invasion was coming, and their “plans” didn’t include the possibility of losing the battle, and a need for an evacuation!

    • Bernie says:

      My dear uncle was in crete as part of the allies forces, he became a POW, in the “care” of the Italians. He rarely spoke of his ordeal but he was skin and bone when eventually freed 3 years later. He never enjoyed good health thereafter, chest and mental health problems, he died in 1985. He rests at peace now, it was well earned by himself and others, lest we forget.

  8. Jack Taber says:

    US Army used NATO base on Crete for annual service missile firings in the 70’s…one summer we were there in June and the Germans were in the world cup…the Greeks were not cheering for them…a culture lesson we learned real fast.

  9. Carl Neville says:

    My Father Benjamin Neville was a RAF fitter on Melame air base when the “shit hit the fan”.. He was shot straight through his calf but was still lucky enough to be evacuated off at the other end of the island. As far as I am aware the men on the west side of the base were captured.
    Any other input/ photographs appreciated!

  10. Nigel Weeks says:

    My father David Weeks was a Royal Marine, part of the Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisation (MNBDO) who were deployed to Crete, only the advanced groups arrived before the German Assault. He was one of the last evacuated, one of his friends in his unit was captured. He never spoke about his experiences which I assume were quite horrific.

    • Joanne Knight says:

      Hi David, my grandad Stanley Foster was a Royal Marine – I’ve tried to track down his route/ships to Crete and found out the following, maybe it’s of interest to you.
      He was left behind and captured and went to several POW camps in Germany.
      Started at Reserve Deport (Portsmouth) 23.10.39-3.12.39 [training] then Portsmouth Division A 4.12.39-29.2.40, then MNBDO(1) to Middle East 1.3.40-31.5.41 – taken POW at Battle of Crete 1.6.1941
      (Unit C.A.Bde – Embark on H. I., Glasgow 5.2.41 – disembark Theatre of War, Port Suez 22.4.41. Embark in “City of Canterbury” from Port Said 1.5.41 – disembark Crete, Suda Bay 9.5.41.)

    • Ian Layzell says:

      My father also! I wonder if they knew each other. My Dad was in RM Signals with MNBDO, near Chania. Managed to be evacuated. He also said little. I think it must have been hideous.

  11. Thomas Cameron says:

    I visited the memorial at Maleme in 1995. There was a frieze around the wall showing the history of the battle and I can remember the depictions of RN ships with the logo” Britische kriegshiffe versunken” (pardon my attempt at German) There was a group of German veterans in their 70’s who had taken part in the invasion. I admit to feeling uncomfortable and expected to hear a chorus of the Horst Vessel song as they were quite vociferous.
    The German occupation of the island was brutal. Dozens of civilians were executed and villages destroyed in retaliation for the Cretans resisting the occupation. Each mountain village had small memorials to occupants who had been summarily executed. In one mountain village we had stones thrown at our car as they thought that we were Germans.
    Another intriguing story was the successful capture of General Kreipe by British SOE agents and Cretan resistance fighters who then evaded the German military in an 18 day treck over the mountains to finally embark on a motor launch to take him tcaptivity in Egypt This exploit was made into a film called “Ill met by moonlight” based on the book of the same name written by W.S Moss who was one of the participants. Well worth reading.

  12. DMH says:

    During my tour of duty on Crete (in the 1960s) I learned that nearly a full division of paratroopers were wiped out by women wielding pitchforks, not guns. There’s a monument outside Iraklion commemorating that.

  13. Kathy McArthur says:

    Thank you for sharing these stories.

  14. John Moran says:

    A New Zealand officer at Maleme had a nervous breakdown at a key moment of the battle and the New Zealand forces lost the vital western airfield. Australians held the other middle airfield and Australian and British defenders also had control of the eastern air field. If Maleme had been held the Germans would have been defeated – despite the RAF not providing much air cover.

    Ahead of the 80th anniversary on 20 May look out for my article on one interesting Australian officer killed on Crete –

  15. Dave says:

    My all time favorite TDY in the early to mid 1970s with Delta Sqd out of Rhein Mein AB. Used to spend about a week there flying in and out and being targets for Army missile crews radar systems. Sousa Bay was NICE!

  16. Helen R. Murphy says:

    THANK YOU to ALL who have shared their stories! It makes history and wars SO REAL for anyone who does not have military history in their families. My father desperately wanted to join his buddies in WWII, but the US government would not allow him to go because he was the only son of the owner of a large sheep ranch. It was necessary for him to provide food for America. He resented that so much!

  17. william Thompson says:

    My dad William Thompson was one of the men that survived the retreat out of this battle he was with the British army , they were on a British boat awaiting evacuation with 600 men on board army and navy ,the Captain was to leave the port before dawn ,the Captain missed the deadline and the ship was sunk by stukas ,only THREE men survived the sinking they were rescued by Greek peasants and taken to a local church, all three men were wounded and patched up by the locals ,they were picked up by retreating the British and taken to Egypt , only my dad survived the other two died on route ,he ended up with a fractured back ,that affected him for the rest of his life , he emigrated to Canada in his late Forties died in his 90th year a tough Liverpool man to the end Amen

  18. Professor Lion says:

    The commander of the Imperial Japanese navy in WWII was asked by a Subordinate, why they were attacking Pearl Harbor, and not landing an invasion force. His answer: “Because thereis a GUN behind EVERY BLADE OF GRASS on the North American Continent. ”
    The ONLY REASON FOR ” GUN CONTROL “, IS TO PREPARE A COUNTRY FOR INVASION, AND HOSTILE TAKEOVER! “For the first time, a Civilized Nation has FULL GUN REGISTRATION. Our streets will be safer, our police will be more efficient, and the world will follow our lead into the future!” ADOLPH HITLER: 1938.

  19. Lori Marshall says:

    Stephanie K Foust: Thankyou for your Service. Its people with families like you that we need. I live in Australia and still thankyou.
    Scary thought that there could be another war to end all wars.. but didnt someone say that after WW1. Barely a decade later and back at it again.
    I personally in my opinion, think that even tho Leaders of this World have learnt little in terms of War. The scary part is if and maybe there is a WW111 its how its going to be implemented.
    Lets face it, germ warfare is a high probability. Look what COVIDS done, dont need a gun to protect yourself from that. Just saying is all and just and opinion.

  20. Dwight says:

    When we drove our VW camper/van through Crete via ferry back in 1972, we visited the impressive cliffs on the south coast, and learned that the Brits had driven, scores, maybe more of their vehicles up to those cliffs and pushed them down into the sea so that the Germans would not capture them.

  21. Paul Bullock says:

    YOU say ” Allies knew about Germany’s invasion intentions and began to make defensive preparations… On the morning of May 20th, the invasion began. Allies were ready and waiting

    This is not clear, the British did not want to let on that they knew so much so early, and the troops on the ground were not told until some other means of identifying the force could be sold to the german intelligence. So the issue was not so clear cut.

  22. andrew wood says:

    I’ve read with increasing incredulity the contributions that concern the likely response of gun-owning Americans to a possible invasion (from where is not mentioned). The same references conjure up anecdotal stories from WWII. Some years ago I enjoyed watching a film comedy called ‘1941’ where a Japanese submarine attacks the United States but only succeeds in shelling a funfair. Could it have happened Well, yes, because the film was loosely based on fact. Could it happen again? Not unless a potential enemy invents and builds an invisible one. Why? Because the US and the rest of the world has state-of-the-art radar and satellite systems that did not exist in WWII.
    Nothing would get within a 1000 miles of the US without being detected. the response would be deadly.

  23. Dave Pyper says:

    Listen to all the Americans on here ratting on about their weapons . The Yanks weren’t even in Crete !

    • Paul Hindburg says:

      It appears the British won the war without American aid. Hmmm Egypt would have fallen without American armour. Britain would have lost the Battle of Britain without the Poles, French, Canadians, Aussies and yes the Eagle Squadron. I find it interesting that the Brits in 1940- 1945 loved American troops and help. My father was a bomber pilot who flew B-17’s for the 8th Air Force and said the British appreciated the sacrafice of the airmen. More Americans were killed in the skies of Europe than were killed in the Navy, Marines and Army ground forces worldwide. True we weren’t at Crete which was a military disaster by any reasoning kind of like Gallipoli in the 1st World War, eh?

    • Dwight says:

      But the Yanks alo talked big when they were in England, both times. Apparently, it is what they do. Possibly, it helps them go out and get their asses shot up. Who knows?

    • James says:

      Without support from the United States Churchill would have had to accept Hitler’s peace offers in 1940.

      The US ended all pretence of neutrality in 1940 with the illegal Destroyers for Bases deal.

      Much of the equipment the British used in the North African and Mediterranean campaigns was from Lend-Lease.

  24. BigDog says:

    I find it interesting that Paul Hindenburg said there were “poll takers” during the Revolutionary War. I guess they all flew in to “all” of the airports before they went out and started asking questions…Okay, he didn’t actually say “poll takers”, but he did give results of a poll that someone must have taken. They probably used one of the modern online poll takers like Gallup or maybe Neilson ratings or oohhh, I know…Survey Monkey! They probably set up WIFI hot spots at all of the major airports and sent out their reports via Instagram or FaceBook.

    • LOL LOL LOL Good one– made my day.

    • BigDog says:


    • Paul Hindenburg says:

      I was a bit low on the number that supporteed the revolution, it appears from some reading I did to find the response that less than 20% supported the revoloution, while 20% were against it. The remaining 60+ were fence stradlers. Those that supported it grew as the war progressed because the revolutionaries waged an effective war of propaganda. Suggest you Google the number that supported the revolt.
      Consider if the colonists that supported it had lost the history ofcthe World would have been so different. The French Revoloution probably wouldn’t have happened when it did. Napoleon would probably have never been emperor. Wellington would probably not risen as far as he did, Germany very probably would not have unified. On and on.

    • Howard Lowe says:

      Yes, about the same number of fence-straddlers we have today. This is frightening … today, unlike the 1776 scenario things happen very very fast and the fence straddlers and the support for freedom will all be in gulags.

    • Christine Hodges says:

      Check the history of Pennsylvania and you will find that both English and German citizens were asked to sign an Oath of Allegiance to the Province and State of Pennsylvania, which did show the number of people in support of the revolution. My 6th great-grandfather and his sons all signed and fought in the Revolutionary War.

  25. Paul Kovac says:

    I appreciate the history nuggets that Fold shares. It encourages individuals to think and to research deeper if so inclined. I also appreciate those who are able to articulate relevant facts to support the primary story being shared.
    I don’t understand nor do I really appreciate when individuals feel the need to extrapolate certain key components of a story and turn it into an opportunity to expound on what they believe to be right or wrong with our country and its citizens. Thank you to those behind the scenes at Fold who continue to bring us these stories.
    Thank you to all have served and now serve.

  26. Richard Middleton says:

    According to Feldgrau: “A (paratroop) Division had three Fallschirmjaeger regiments, an artillery Regiment, a machine-gun Battalion (this was later removed), an anti-tank Battalion, and supporting units. total strength was 15,976 men.” And they were defeated by local women with pitchforks… Somehow this doesn’t seem credible. Sorry, DMH.

    • John Moran says:

      Ha, Ha, Ha! No, that’s not what happened, although the Cretan civilians did provide fierce and important back up (The civilians did kill a lot of German troops) to the official soldiers, including their own Greek divisions. More than the British politicians/commanders, Royal Air Force and a couple of New Zealand commanders provided anyway. The Royal Navy did a great job, without air cover. All-in-all. it was a major scandal and the Australian Government was furious with Churchill – they considered Crete his WWII “Dardanelles”. The Australians had actually held and repelled the Germans, but were forced to surrender and go into captivity, especially at the Rethymno air field. Even the eastern air field of Heraklion – Australian, British and Greek forces – was holding. The New Zealand capitulation at Maleme was what eventually critically compromised things on the ground. The Germans now had an uncontested entry point.

    • John hone says:

      Local lore.

  27. Larry says:

    All posting and especially those who have listened and learned from their aged survivors thanks for posting and I hope you repeat the stories to your family and friends. Every old person is a living. History book that should and needs to be listened to. I had two uncles at D Day who never shared their stories and a father-in-law who never made it off the beach at Iwo having been shot in both hips. He made it home but never could talk about it.

    • Howard Lowe says:

      As a WWII vet (Naval Officer serving on LSTs) I saw Normandy and the later part of the War on the Philippines. I tell sea stories – they are the light side; but the bad side is located deep onside me.

  28. Clifford Sauer says:

    Thank you. I do like “History” and “True Stories”. My Father Robert William Sauer, was WWll Vet and fought in the later wars as well. Unfortunately, I did not inherit the brains he had do to the fact that he adopted me. The city of Thomas Ok knew him as “Bullet Bob”. Just picture”John Wayne” as your local “Chief of Police”. He passed away on March 20 1998. I never knew of or met my byolagical father and I still don’t know today.

  29. Anandakos says:

    @Donna, you mean the Sunday Soldiers decked out in rams’ horns and night vision goggles? Those “armed citizenry”?

  30. Jim Jobe, served US Army 1966-1967 says:

    Arming this country? We now have 3 weapons for every male between the ages of 18 to 60 and 30% think we don’t have enough! We have too much gun love! Too many killings. I see too many people handle weapons carelessly today and I don’t like to be around them. I think a weapon in the wrong hands give too many men a sense of power that causes insanity.

    • … or a knife, baseball bat, 4×4 truck, screwdriver, pitchfork, shovel etc the list can be expanded beyond the imagination.

      BTW I have owned a gun since I was thirteen years old, bought one or passed down to my grandsons at THE SAME AGE, WE HAVE NEVER SHOT ANYONE.

  31. LynnDa Shaffer says:

    I think we r already beginning taken over internally with things that r going on in the US today. Very scary
    Thanks for all your commands. Very interesting. Please Pray for US

  32. Jo Anne Warren says:

    Here is a film of a reunion in Crete of Patrick Leigh Fermor (Stanley Moss then deceased) and the Greek peasants who worked to abduct General Heinrich Kreipe–and Geneal Kreipe himself, coming down from Germany. The two British gentlemen and adventurers masqueraded as British soldiers, kidnapped the General, well . . . you’ll see. This is a beautiful report narrated by one of the Greeks who participated.

    • Howard Lowe says:

      This is a great comment. I’d like to see a fi; account of the whole German attack on Crete.

  33. John Q Public says:

    I don’t come here to read the comments about your political opinions! I want to see the stories from the families of the service members who served in the war! If you really need to write it down, use toilet paper.

  34. Dan Helm says:

    While I certainly understand the need for “… a well-regulated militia..” and how armed citizens can make a difference, what we need more than anything else is intelligent, cool-headed leadership, not hot-headed, war-mongering egomaniacs in positions of authority.

  35. linda marin says:

    I am truly saddened by what I read in the comments section, relating to both sides of the thought process. We will never have peace or a safe place with these thoughts. It just shows such a lack of belief in a greater power or supreme being to guide us and I am not talking about politicians! I pray everyday for my God to save us and this planet.

    What came into my mind, is no one is even talking about what is going on with this earth. If we don’t have clean air to breath or fresh water to drink and use for crops then we are doomed, nothing else matters. Put all your hate and anger into doing something good and use full for all of humanity.

    • Tell me one instance, not a bible story, when God got himself involved in the middle of a war……

    • Howard Lowe says:

      WARS AND CONFLICTS are part of the planet’s life … wild animals or wild humans. It has always been so, and will never stop. It is sad; but having fought in 2 wars, having a son in the Vietnam conflict, and his two sons in the Afghan/Iraq conflict I almost certain my great grandkids will also be involved in armed conflicts. Unfortunately, humans carry a lot of DNA that causes wars and just plain conflict on personal levels.

      I am a Christian. I am opposed to war; but sometimes there is little choice … WWII is a very good example.

    • LarryM says:

      Pray for peace but prepare for war. Those who beat their swords into plow shields will plow for those who don’t.

  36. LarryM says:

    George Purvis – George Washington believed it was divine intervention that gave him a victory against the Prussians after crossing the Delaware and George Patton at the Bulge with his weather prayer.

  37. Mary says:

    America’s modern enemies will be more insidious. Covid-19, a careless lab technician, failed scientific laboratory safety protocols or deliberate test of germ warfare? The attack on the East Coast petroleum distribution pipeline resulting in gasoline shortages. Our enemies have these destructive weapons plus others we don’t even know about. With today’s short sighted American politicians deliberating giving away our technology, industrial production we are at a disadvantage. I don’t think any other nation on earth is permitting their education system to teach its children to hate their own country, and sully the names of their forefathers. Too many people in America want to rewrite our Constitution & Bill of Rights because they find them too restrictive for their personal agenda.

  38. Dwight says:

    Trying to apply a strand of of populism from one era to subsequent eras is a tricky business, especially when we see how major sectors of the populists turned as circumstances er, developed in the American Revolution, WWI, and WWII. A substantial number of the population has come to see gun ownership and carrying as a much bigger deal than at any other time in our history. They purport to be supporting the Constitution, but are actually forging new ground. I have more than five, but less than ten, guns, most of which have been effective for hunting deer or dipatching woodchucks, but I had not considered that they were also for controlling tyranny. Gunnies feel strongly enough about the matter that they will throw the issue in there at the drop of a hat. The anti-gunnies respond immediately, and here we are. I think that we are at loggerheads, until history throws something unexpected our way….and it usually does.

  39. Lloyd Chapman says:

    I find the comments interesting concerning the Revolutionary War, World War I and II. What I can not fathom is the lack of understanding that we, the USA, were attacked. Over half a million died. The soldiers that responded did not use the weapons of the earlier wars – guns, ships, airplanes. They used their hands and what medical equipment was available to try to save lives. The response to the bombing of Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941 was overwhelming. Our response to the recent invasion of our country leaves a lot to be desired. People ignore the absolute need to wear masks, to social distance as recommended. The casualties would have been a lot less had the leader of the USA considered for a moment that we were at war with an invisible attacker. We needed a leader like FDR which we did not have. All of us needed to fight this war on the streets, in the stores, in the schools, at the ballparks etc. These are just some thoughts for all to think over in the coming days, months and years.

    • BigDog says:

      Right on! All he did was inspire hatred and racism in this country. Good riddance!

    • LarryM says:

      I can’t believe that Trump Derangement Syndrome runs so deep. We now have over $3.00 a gallon for gas, crime and anti-police is out of control, the attack on Asian Americans by African Americans is denied, we are being hacked by Russia and Israel is under attack by Iran supported Hamas while the one million American hating Muslims brought in by Obama cheer. Yeah keep worrying about Trump while Biden’s handlers destroy this country – look squirrel! And just what does this all have to do with WW2

    • BigDog says:

      LarryM. Your comments was a great recap of the last 50 years in America. However, I did notice, that you made no reference to my comment other than to deflect and talk about something else. Typical Trump supporter, eyes closed, mouth wide open.

    • James says:

      Roosevelt attacked Germany and Japan first in 1941, months before the attack on the naval base in Hawaii.

      He lied about the Greer incident when he publicly confirmed shoot on sight, and sent the Flying Tigers to China in April 1941.

  40. LaVonda Like says:

    This is why German real estate ads include properties in Egypt to this day

  41. Tamara Huber says:

    Definitely a good reminder of the power of civilians being able to repel invaders and protect themselves.

  42. Katherine says:

    This is a very well written article on an important battle in history. The article says the allies were prepared for the attack because they had access to the plans, but they had made mistakes nonetheless and ended up having to retreat, with many either evacuating or surrendering to the German forces. And this is the crux of it: making fatal mistakes even while knowing what the plan was.
    So, here is the problem in the US as I see it:
    * as some people have already commented, we have become lazy, unfit, and overweight. Waiting until we have an emergency situation before “our survival instinct kicks in” would be one of those mistakes that will result in losing for sure.
    * Americans tend to be too arrogant and egotistical as a rule, which brings with it a sense of overconfidence. That will be another mistake that will result in us losing against any foreign invaders. Overconfidence in our abilities will prevent us from working through various potential scenarios and keep us closed to potential solutions we are not expecting.
    * I am also certain that our enemies have either worked out how to defeat us through technological means, biological warfare, or through thousands of years of wartime experience, while we are sitting on our stacks of weaponry expecting our enemies to to just show up and be shot. Our militias have not updated their strategies and are still fighting from a 1700s-1800s expectation with modern weaponry, but have failed to consider our next war may not even need all this fancy hardware.
    * and finally, our country has become extremely divided. We no longer see ourselves as Americans united against foreign invaders. We don’t even see our President (whomever he or she might be) as the leader of our country, and we’ve disrespected that position of power such that (regardless of what side of the political spectrum we stand on we see the President as a traitor. In addition, we’ve gotten so divided as a country that we clearly value some lives over others. And this leads into our sense of individualism (and our loss of loyalty to family and community), which prevents us from having the ability to stand in someone else’s shoes. We have become so competitive that we have no qualms about stepping over others and burning bridges behind us on our way to success and superiority over others. And this is an enormous mistake, because all of this leads to alienation of other Americans. We cannot genuinely expect that the people we have devalued, crushed, and abandoned will be interested in watching our backs in time of crisis.

  43. James says:

    The Fall of Crete was almost as bad a defeat for the UK as the Fall of Singapore.

    I can’t believe how some people still think the Battle of Greece delayed Barbarossa. That urban myth was debunked decades ago.

    The Axis should have invaded Malta as well as Crete.

  44. James says:

    The Battle for Crete did not delay Operation Barbarossa. The start date for Barbarossa (22 June 1941) had been set several weeks before the Crete operation was considered and the directive by Hitler for Operation Mercury made it plain that preparations for Merkur must not interfere with Barbarossa. Units assigned to Merkur intended for Barbarossa were to be redeployed to Poland and Romania by the end of May and the movement of units from Greece was not delayed. The transfer of Fliegerkorps VIII north, ready for Barbarossa, eased the Royal Navy evacuation of the defenders. The delay of Operation Barbarossa was caused by the late spring and floods in Poland.

    • I have a German medal for Operation Barbarossa, I need to replace the ribbon, if I can find one. Do you have any idea how I might go about this? To the best of my knowledge, the wearer was KIA in Belgium, or that is at least what is told by family legends.

    • James says:


      Backing the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939 was fatal for Britain and France.

      They should have pressured the regime in Warsaw more heavily to allow a referendum on Danzig.

  45. Bonnie (Mrs Bruce E Morris) J Morris says:

    Registered guns. What is to keep bad government from confiscating all those registered guns, one by one or two by two? If I owned a gun, I would not register it for that reason. Bonnie Morris

    • You have no choice, buy a gun and the store registers it for you. Biden has promised to take all guns.

    • BigDog says:

      What the hell is wrong with all of you people? They’ve been talking about taking guns since the first gun control act in 1934. Almost 100 years, and you idiots are still worried that someone’s going to come take your guns. OMG, when will the stupidity end?

    • Will Kane says:

      Tell that to the Australians.

  46. When you start out to unravel the mystery of Mary Poppins and her author who would have thought you would end up at one point on the northern beaches of Crete and in the middle of one of the most daring and ingenious military operations in history. Stay tuned. More to come…

  47. Estelle Shaw says:

    Two of my cousin died on Crete within days of the German Invasion, after being forced out of Greece prior.
    They were just farm boys from New Zealand.
    A third one was captured in Libya later that year and spent the next nearly five years as a POW in both Italy and Germany, before being repatriated after the war ended back home to NZ.