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The Caterpillar Club

Have you ever heard of the Caterpillar Club? The Caterpillar Club is an association of people who have successfully used a parachute to jump out of a disabled aircraft. The club began in the 1920s, and though not limited to military personnel, many club members received admittance while serving in the military. Those admitted to the club received a caterpillar lapel pin identifying them as members. The Irvin Airchute Company was one of the companies that claimed to have founded the Caterpillar Club and created pins to award to members saved by Irvin parachutes. Other parachute makers followed suit. Branches of the Caterpillar Club still exist today. The club’s name refers to the silk threads used to make original parachutes, and though it’s a club that nobody wants to join, once admitted, membership comes with bragging rights and a sense of pride.

Caterpillar Club Membership Card for Lt. Wallace H. Wickander
Caterpillar Club Pin

The origins of the Caterpillar Club aren’t known, with several different people or organizations claiming to be the original founders. Our Fold3® collections contain declassified microfilm made available from a private donor. The microfilm dates from the 1920s and contains records from the US Army Air Corps related to the Caterpillar Club. You’ll find remarkable stories of Airmen who survived jumping from a disabled aircraft.

Charles Lindberg was an early member of the Caterpillar Club with four jumps to his credit. One jump came after a mid-air collision in 1925. While practicing formations and diving attacks over Kelley Field, Texas, Lindberg collided with Lt. C.D. McAllister. “My head was thrown forward against the cowling, and my plane seemed to turn around. Our ships were locked together…I jumped backwards as far from the ship as possible. Fearing the wreckage might fall on me, I did not pull the rip cord until I had dropped several hundred feet. The parachute functioned perfectly,” said Lindberg. Lt. McAllister also jumped from his disabled aircraft, and he, too, earned admission to the Caterpillar Club.

Russell B. Graham
Caterpillar Club Membership Certificate for Russell B. Graham

During WWII, the Caterpillar Club was incorporated as an official organization, and membership increased dramatically. T/Sgt. Russell B. Graham earned his membership when his B-17 Flying Fortress was shot down on February 26, 1945, after a bombing raid on Berlin. Graham and the rest of the crew bailed out. They could not see the ground until just before landing. Graham landed in a tree and survived. He kept the parachute that saved his life and, following the war, brought it home. His mother used the fabric to sew a small blessing gown, and many of Graham’s children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren were blessed in that gown.

Would you like to learn more about the Caterpillar Club? Read more accounts of the heroic jumps that earned admission to the Caterpillar Club and see additional records and Memorials for Caterpillar Club members on Fold3® today.

91 Comments

  1. Paul Vernon Thomas says:

    Thank you for sharing your knowledge of the Catepillar club,Jenny A.
    Sincerly,Paul Vernon Thomas.

  2. Paul Vernon Thomas says:

    Seems I need to correct my spelling.To,the Caterpillar club.Dear Jenny Ashcroft.Again,thank you for sharing your knowledge.
    Sincerly,Paul Vernon Thomas.

  3. Lee Scruggs says:

    WOW! That is awesome. I have never heard of it. I’ll have to ask my uncle, who is 101. He was a pilot, who ferried supplies to Europe and Africa for WWII.

    • Douglas Griffith says:

      Dear Mr. Scruggs, Thank your uncle for me for his flying skill.
      My father was the navigator in a B-24 replacement crew that flew a new plane to the ETO via the southern route through Belem, Natal and across to Dakar in Feb 1944. Did your uncle fly through these points? If so, did he have to ‘sign in’ his AC as the pilot when landing with the AAF base authorities? Current authorities have told me that no take-off landing permission records still exist for Air Transport Command bases on the southern route. I just want to verify if they were recorded at the time. Does he have any recollections/descriptions of those bases? ..like amount of traffic in winter ’43/’44.
      BTW- dad never got his caterpiller club patch. They were shot down on #19 and stayed as guests in SLuftIII. Needless to say, his ‘chute worked fine. If your plane was burning when you jumped, the Brits ‘unofficial’ patch had red eyes….
      proud and grateful son of J.A. Griffith,nav, 8th AAF, 389th BG(H), 567th BS.

    • Robert Carlton says:

      Hi DOuglas,
      My father, and what was left of his 14th Fighter Group, 49th Squadron of P-38 pilots, finished their missions in North Africa in Feb. 1943 and took the ATC plane back to the states through the southern route of Africa. He took a few pictures of their stopover in Liberia and flying over the Amazon in Brazil.

  4. David Jones says:

    My father, James William Jones of Alabama, was in 502nd PIR Co A in WW2. Did paratroopers become members? I’d never heard of it.
    I have his notebook from jump school saying he was plenty scared, but his records at archives were burned and I have no idea what jumps he may have made in WW2.
    Thanks for your work

    • Mark says:

      Hello David. My understanding is that paratroopers did NOT become members. They jumped out of operational planes on purpose. The Caterpillar Club was for people who had to jump out of damaged or destroyed planes to save their lives.

    • David says:

      Well I was thinking in the case where their plane was shot down and they had to jump

    • It’s good to know new things I get excited…

    • Joe Marganski says:

      The caterpillar club was for Air Force members who used a parachute to jump out or bail out of a crashing plane , my father received his from the Pioneer Parachute Company in Manchester CT

  5. Darrel Wilson says:

    A family friend was a Fly Engineer/Top Gunner on a B17 with the 8th AFC and their plane was damage on the 6 mission so they had to jump. All made it out okay and he and several other were taken prisoners. In the last 50s he show his card to my family. RIP Arthur “Art” M. Pacha.

  6. In the UK the club has folded BUT the original membership book is kept by a parachute making company in Bridgend, South Wales and any potential members have to apply to them to obtain the badge and have their name entered in the ledger. I have suggsted to the owners some time ago that they present the book to the Imperial War Museum in London in case the company folds and the book is lost; it is priceless!!

    Martin Sugarman (Archivist of the Association of Jewish Ex-Servicemen and Women of the UK – AJEX, London, UK)

    • Mr Justin Woolliscroft says:

      Hi, sorry to hear that the club in the UK has folded. My late father was a proud member, blown out of his Lancaster on the Nuremberg raid in March 1944. I would certainly support your request to have the records held somewhere publicly.

    • Hello Martin,
      I am one of the Learning Officers at the International Bomber Command Centre in Lincoln. We often discuss about the Caterpillar club and have a donated badge to show to visiting school groups, which is different from the one in this article.
      We have a digital archive that catalogues scanned original documents and I believe preserving this book in a digital format would be greatly beneficial.

  7. Henry Deibel says:

    Thank you for sharing this message and so many others. I forward them to other people who also like the messages…..thanks

  8. James Teener says:

    How old is the club? My maternal grandfather, 1LT Lewallace Wendell Taylor, was a balloon pilot/observer during WWI. Family lore has it that he made at least two jumps when his balloon was attacked and shot down by German aircraft. Is there any way to check this?

  9. Walter Harrington says:

    Thanks for sharing this little know piece of history

  10. PAUL MCMILLAN says:

    Interesting Henry Wacker and John Alexander ‘Jack’ Boettner July 21, 1919 were in the
    Goodyear Type FD dirigible balloon “The Wing-Foot Express” which crashed Chicago, Ill

    I believe ‘William O’Connor’ is actually a nom de plume for a possibly serving US Army Parachutist who worked for the Jahn Aerial Life-saving Apparatus Company and was demonstrating their new parachute from a USD-9 (US Built Airco DH.9A) McCook Field, Ohio on August 24, 1920 but it was insisted he also have a US Army one ‘just in case’ – he needed it….. I have never been able to track O’Connor down – My hunch is that he was Sgt 1st Class Orville Philip “Jack” Bonn

  11. Mark B. Short says:

    My dad was in it. His pin had red eyes signifying his plane was on fire at the time.

    • Veronica Kristopeit says:

      Thanks to your father for his service
      I just learned something new by reading this article. Thanks to all military personnel.

  12. PAUL MCMILLAN says:

    BTW – There is more than a ‘book/register’ held in Bridgend Wales – Sometimes they have actually letters of application which provide details of the use of the parachute escape..

  13. PAUL MCMILLAN says:

    The club started after October 20, 1922 when 1st Lieut. Harold Ross Harris escaped from PW-2A
    AS-64388 – so any WW1 balloon escapes were not included in it – nor was the post WW1 Balloon escape of Lieutenant Richard William Bert’ Mackie December 3, 1918 when he jumped from a runaway balloon in Texas – Wacker, Boettner and O’Connor were added retrospectively after the club started Air Mail Pilot Mr Carroll C. “Mike”/”Mickey” Eversole on February 18, 1921 was rejected as it claimed he jumped deliberately – I have also seen a claim for Audley (Arthur) Theodore “Tex” Frolich on 26th (16th August 1922 also claimed) over Cumberland Mountains in Tennessee – but not been able to stand it up independently yet.

  14. Luci Gosling says:

    I know of the Caterpillar Club as I have my granda’s membership card (and my aunt has the badge). He was a navigator on a Lancaster Bomber and had to make an emergency parachute jump when his plane was hit while on a bombing mission over Poland in Feb 1944. Only he, and two other crew members survived. The pilot, a young Australian, aged just 19, was killed – we visited the International Bomber Command Centre in Lincoln a couple of years ago and found his name on the memorial. Very moving. Anyway, my granda ended up in a German POW camp for the rest of the war but if it hadn’t been for that parachute neither me nor any of my family would be here today. I always find it incredible that he went on to live a fairly ordinary life as a civil servant, working for the Customs & Excise, and then tending his vegetable garden in his retirement and yet back in 1944 he had to jump out of a burning plane to save himself.

    • David Jones says:

      great story and obviously a great man. I hope his legacy lives on forever.

    • Michael Fearneyhough says:

      My tale is similar to yours. My dad was a bomb aimer /navigator stationed with 77 Squadron at RAF Elvington, near York. His Halifax bomber was shot down over Holland on the way to bomb Essen 1st May 1943 . After giving the order to bail out, Camburn the pilot was still on board when the burning aircraft exploded. My dad and one other member of the crew, Butlin were the only survivors . Dutch resistance leader Dr J Kreumel picked up my dad near Appeldoorn and kept him hidden until it was safe to put him on the escape route to the Channel via Paris. He made it to Paris, but was betrayed by a double agent called de Witter and spent the rest of the war as a POW. He nearly perished during the infamous Death March when POWs were force marched west as the Red Army advanced. He escaped during the march only to catch diphtheria but was recaptured and treated by a Polish doctor in the POW camp hospital. During a subsequent retreat from the Red Army, the Germans put my dad into the infamous Steam Ship SS Insterburg, together with 2000 other POWs crammed into the hold in appalling conditions, which I believe sailed from the Baltic to escape the Russian advance. He was eventually liberated by the Russians and returned home to his wife and 2 yr old son (me) whom he had never met. He regularly wore his Caterpillar Club tie pin, which I still possess, together with his membership card. Until his 80s, my dad always attended the annual “Kriegie Call”, a re-union of former Stalag Luft POWs, held at Sywell, Northamptonshire, (former RAF Sywell.).

  15. Sammy Betson says:

    Alongside the Caterpillar Club was the Goldfish Club. Airmen who baled out over or ditched in the sea and whose lives were saved by a life raft were eligible. My Dad was a member having ditched in a Blackburn Botha in October 1942 – report as below:
    “02-OCT-1942
    Time:
    Blackburn Botha Mk I
    Owner/operator: 3 RDFS Royal Air Force (3 RDFS RAF)
    Registration: L6201
    MSN:
    Fatalities: Fatalities: / Occupants:
    Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
    Location: 1.5 miles off Turnberry, Ayrshire ”

    Although the report gives no details of casualties i believe a civilian scientist was lost. It was reported that both engines failed – Dad was a pilot.
    I have his membership card – Victor Miles

    • Thomas Cameron says:

      There is a book called Turnberry Airfield recently printed which gives an exhaustive history of the airfield from WW1 and lists all the units, aircraft and personnel which were based there. It was adangerous place to learn to fly as the main runway is at right angles to the prevailing west wind.
      It had more than its fair share of accidents.

    • Sammy Betson says:

      thank you – I will look out the book

    • PAUL MCMILLAN says:

      Botha L6201

      Casualty was

      Sgt Robert Charles CARRINGTON – 1270267, commemorated on Panel 79 of the Runnymede Memorial.

    • Sammy Betson says:

      thank you – fills in a gap in my records

  16. Art says:

    I was an Airborne Engineer but our mission was to build airfields. Thanks to our jumpers for their efforts! At Ft. Bragg, N.C., many went on Saturday Night jumps to practice & sharpen their skills. Thanks, ALL!

  17. Robert Carlton says:

    My dad was a P-38 pilot in England in 1942 when he was “scrambled” to look for enemy aircraft coming into the area near his base at Atcham. His plane developed navigation problems while high in the clouds. When he discovered he was heading straight down at over 400 mph, he bailed out. He was the first known pilot to survive bailing out of a P-38. He too became a member of the Caterpillar Club with the papers and pin handed down to me.

  18. Jim Heimbach says:

    A book was written about the caterpillar club. “Into the Silk” by Ian Mackersey. A very interesting book. It states that Leslie Irvin created the club and it’s rules and the pins. There are two branches of this club. Irvin Industries Canada Ltd at Fort Erie, Ontario and the parachute factory of Irvin Great Britain Ltd in Letchworth, Hertfordshire.

    • Robert Carlton says:

      In that book, “Into The Silk” my father’s story is told on P.155. He later contacted Lockheed engineers who told him because of inverse pressure on the airspeed pitot, his speed was likely about 550 mph !

  19. Thomas Cameron says:

    My brother was a trainee signaller in the RAF. He was flying on a training mission at night in March 1955 over the south coast of England in a Vickers Varsity when both engines caught fire. The crew all bailed out but were scattered over the Devon countryside in the dark. He landed in a field near a farmhouse, uninjured, and went to the farmhouse and knocked on the door. The farmer’s wife opened the door, let out a scream and fainted She thought that he was a spaceman as he still had on his oxygen mask and helmet! This was the era of UFO reports worldwide.
    They phoned the police and all the crew were picked up unharmed from nearby locations.
    The Varsity had glided on and made a pancake landing in a field with no visible sign of structural damage. A few months later he got his Caterpiller badge and certificate through the post.

  20. Carol S. Jeffers Smith says:

    My father was a paratrooper and served in New Guinea. Unfortunately, he passed away when I was 12 and didn’t know what questions to ask. I do know that he was injured when landing from a jump and ended up in an ‘airplane’ cast (no pun intended!). What I don’t know is if he jumped from a plane that was disabled or as they say, ‘jumped out of a perfectly fine airplane’.

    How would I find out for sure? His name was Jack H. Jeffers (Ross) and he was a PFC. His birthdate was Christmas Day 1924.

    Thank you,
    Carol S. Jeffers Smith

  21. Diana L Anderson says:

    My father Francis W. Oliver was a member of the caterpillar club. He and the other crewmen bailed out when their bomber caught fire during an exercise in Kansas. Dad was injured on landing an had to be hospitalized. I still have his pin mounted with his other insignia and picture on my memorial wall.

    This was very interesting to read. Thanks for sharing it.

  22. Lew Gatch says:

    Any members in Cincinnati?
    I have a radio program on public radio WMKV
    Would like to interview a member
    I have my wings from Benning in 1957 but tdy and returned to Polk

    Thanks for posting

  23. John Bjorge says:

    Very interesting story.
    When I was in US Navy, Aviation, we had an officer who in the training squadron who had to eject once. The new Martin Baker seat caused him to be 1/2 inch shorter later on. He was also told if he had to do it again he might be taken off fight status.

  24. Tom Sparks says:

    John A. Boettner and Herbert Maxson participated in the 1926 International Balloon Race – Antwerp, Belgium. Their balloon iced up and was sinking so they proceeded to jettison ballast. They hit the ground and Maxson fell out which caused the balloon to rise rapidly and pop. Boettner baled out with a parachute, surviving his doomed airship, and became a member of “The Caterpillar Club”. I did not know if this was his first pin awarded. I have a short snorter signed by Herb Maxson and others during 1926.

    • PAUL MCMILLAN says:

      Maxson (Second Pilot) fell from Balloon when it hit the ground near Antwerp Monday 31st may 1926 he escaped with slight bruises. Boettner still continued but was out of race and disqualified – he landed the balloon solo in Holland that evening – I can find no evidence he bailed out of the balloon in this case – I have been studying UK Caterpillar incidents up to May 1940 and US 1934 for over 10 years – but happy to be corrected

      Paul

  25. Jaime Connor says:

    My uncle, Robert E. Connor, Jr. was a member. His plane was shot down over Tokyo Bay and he was rescued by the Trepang submarine.

  26. My father, Joseph E. Fletscher, was a recipient too from bailing out of a training plane at age 19 that was involved in a mid-air collision after the plane took off from Alameda Air Station. When he was picked up he still had the ripcord handle still in his hand. The ripcord I have and he presented our youngest daughter when she was only 10 with the Caterpillar Pin after she responded to rescue him after he had a cardiac event while on a ladder in his backyard. He felt he was lucky one more time and his rescuer needed the honor of having it.

  27. William Scott Johnson says:

    My dad would have been in the Caterpillar Club, in fact I heard him mention it. He baled out of a Lancaster bomber over Normandy. His name was William (Bill Johnson) and the pilots name was Richard Silvio Palandri, if you type Richard’s name into your favourite search engine, you will find the story. Other people have taken an interest in it.

  28. Robert O. Duncan says:

    Does the club include modern day pilots who have had to eject from their aircraft, no matter the armed service? (from an old USAF ejection seat mechanic)

    • Jim Heimbach says:

      To my understanding of the club rules the answer is yes. Basically, any emergency ejection, anytime, from any aircraft, with any parachute. Please check the rules

  29. Andres says:

    Thank You for serving Our Country God Bless All of You Always.

  30. Rebecca Payne says:

    Hello to all,
    My Grandfather was a member of the Caterpillar Club. I have his ID card to the club. I would love to add his information and story to this area of information in history. Please let me know if interested. Thank you.

  31. RM says:

    I inherited my cousin’s husband’s Caterpillar Club certificate from WWII. He had to make an emergency parachute jump over then-Burma on Nov. 19, 1944, and was rescued by a teacher in Kachai Village. There’s another certificate from the parachute manufacturer, Cole, commemorating this event, and some handwritten notes surrounding the survival and rescue. Is there any place that collects these documents? I’m not sure what to do with them. Seems they might be of historical interest to someone.

    • David Jones says:

      I wonder if the WW2 museum in New Orleans would be interested.

    • Wendy Hoechstetter says:

      I don’t know if there’s anywhere that collects these particular documents, but you can always donate them to your local historical society – or the one where he lived, if different. They’ll be catalogued and kept safe for future generations.

  32. Marie-Louise Cargill Pruitt says:

    I have my father’s pin. He was shot down over the North Sea in WWII. The pin has red eyes.

    • Jan Saunders says:

      My Dad’s pin also has red eyes – I believe this means their planes were on fire when they bailed out.

  33. I was in the business of air dispatch in the Australian Army in the late 1960s. This also required us to be trained as parachutists. On “graduation” from training we were presented with “wings” patches, and also received an Irvin pin. However, thankfully, the DHC-4 Caribou and and C-130 Hercules aircraft we worked in were fully operational.

  34. Sama M says:

    My Grandfather was one. Edgar Gafton Carlisle.

  35. Sama M says:

    He did serve during WWII as a pilot for the RAF, but earned his Caterpillar Club membership in 1936 over Pennsylvania, with his “observer” Claude L Craven.

    • PAUL MCMILLAN says:

      27 May 1936 Douglas O-38B 32-335 of 103 Observation Squadron, 28 Air Division, Pennsylvania Air National Guard
      Pilot 1st Lt Edgar Grafton Carlisle Jr O-274928
      Observer 1st Lt Claude Lincoln Craven O-322983
      Both bailed out due to Weather, 10 mi SE of Brookville, PA
      They were caught in a hail storm enroute to Cleveland and were forced to take to the parachute and made the landing safely several miles apart

  36. Joe Marganski says:

    My father is a member, his B24 was shot down March 8 1944 coming back from a Berlin bombing raid , he was in his 9th mission , 8th Air Corp , 448th bomb group, 715th bomb squadron

  37. Patty Vaughn says:

    My uncle, John C. Hess, was a member of the Catepillar Club. His B17 was shot down in 1944 and he was captured after he parachuted out. He was sent to Stalog 17B where he remained a prisoner until the war’s end.

    • Patty Vaughn says:

      John volunteered for military service in the Army Air Corps in January 1942. He was a member of the 358th Bomb Squadron of the 303rd Bomb Group, the Hell’s Angels, of the 1st Bomber Division based at Molesworth, England. While returning from mission # 12, on April 22, 1944, John’s plane, a B-17, was shot down over Belgium. He was taken prisoner by the German Government and was a prisoner in the famed German prisoner of war camp, Stalag 17B, in Krems, Austria. John was liberated on May 3, 1945 by General George S. Patton’s 13th Armored Division of the 3rd Army, after a 280 mile forced march across Austria.

  38. Jason Pinson says:

    Good to know.interesting.

  39. Joseph J Gannon says:

    A friend who jumped out of a burning B17 in WW2 wore the pin with red eyes. pow In Stalag 17B in Austria.

  40. Jason Pinson says:

    No I haven’t Joseph
    Thank you.

  41. Michael Moores LeBlanc says:

    In reply to Michael Fearneyhough’s message about his father.
    Evaders, would-be evaders, their helpers and betrayers is a subject that has completely fascinated me since the mid-1980s. During the course of this time it has been my privilege to collect all the archival and anecdotal information I could about all of them.
    If you believe anything I might have anything about your father, his friend Frank Sanders (and the fates of his genuine helpers), that might be of interest to you perhaps there is a way we can establish contact.
    Both were victims of the notorious false line run by Prosper Dezitter & his mistress Florie Dings (of Brussels) when they were captured in Paris on 25 July 1943.

    • Michael Fearneyhough says:

      Hi Michael,
      Thanks for your comments and thanks for the correct name for the betrayers. If you have any further information about my father’s case , I’d be really interested to hear. My email is [email protected].

  42. Catherine Bence says:

    My dad, Ray Bence, was a member. His caterpillar lapel pin was the only reminder of the war he ever wore. The pin is red, white, and blue enamel stripes overlaid with a gold caterpillar. The backing is engraved with his name and date of jump.
    He was nosegunner in Lt. Fromm’s crew, Squadron 703, BG 445. His plane was one of 25 B24s shot done during the infamous Kassel Mission on September 27, 1944.

  43. Cathy Rosenberger says:

    During Covid I got serious with Genealogy. In 2022 I found some long lost living relatives. Two months ago I was contacted by my Father’s cousin in California. When she was a little girl her mother made her a brides dress for her doll with the silk. She still had several large pieces but didn’t know where they came from. It was from my Father’s parachute. He jumped out of a damaged plane in North Africa and got a Purple Heart. The parachute was mailed to me and for 80 years old it is in great shape. My Father served on a B-17 as Flight Engineer. He flew 85 missions. 50 North Africa, 35 England. I was also able to find the pilot of that plane and had some long conversations. The plane had 2 engines shot out, 190 holes and cables disabled. Pilot Charles Wardwell made the 8 crew jump and he and Ralph Campbell landed the plane. It never flew again and went to the boneyard. A drawing of that incident was on the front page of the New York paper. that I am lucky enough to have a copy.

  44. J Pavelko says:

    Thank you for this article. I had never heard of the Caterpillar Club, but I just discovered my husband is a member! He has a small lapel pin and a certificate.

  45. Jan Saunders (nee Anderson) says:

    Really interesting information. I’m proud to say that my Dad, John McVane Anderson, is a member of the Caterpillar Club. He flew Spitfires in WW2, and while flying over Argenta in Italy on 20th April 1945, his plane sustained a shot to its radiator, which brought it down. Dad parachuted to safety, and so became a member of the exclusive Caterpillar Club. Fortunately, he was not captured by enemy forces, but managed to “thumb a lift” with a British lorry, and return to his squadron. Dad passed away in 1988 at the young age of 64, but his Caterpillar Club badge has pride of place in his memory box.

  46. Critchley says:

    My husband, in 1977, had to use his parachute to leave a crashing Vulcan over Norfolk. He earned his caterpillar and we were shown around the parachute factory. We even met the lady who packed his chute. That was a day of privilege. Thank you for telling people about this club.

  47. Lee Kampstad says:

    I have a few “unofficial” Caterpillar Club patches available.

  48. Scott Ramsey says:

    I’m always looking for WWII Caterpillar Club items from 8th AF veterans. So happy to see this in Fold3.

  49. Janice Philippon says:

    My father, WWII veteran has a Caterpillar pin. He along with the rest of his crew jumped out of their B-17 after it was shot down over Austria. He has since pasted away but it sits in a place of honor along with his other medals.

  50. Scott Cielewich says:

    My Dad, Don Cielewich, was a B-17 pilot who flew with the Bloody 100th out of Thorpes-Abbott in England. On Aug 14, 1944 on a bombing mission to the chemical factory at Ludwigshafen, Germany his plane went down. He and his crew bailed out and all survived. Unfortunately they were all captured. My father was on the loose for several days trying to make his way to France. He was captured by a German Farmer with a shotgun and turned over to the Nazis. After interrogation he was sent to Stalag Luft III. As the Russians advanced Stalag Luft III prisoners were force marched to Mossburg. Moosburg was liberated by General Patton on April 29, 1945. I remember my Dad proudly wearing his caterpillar emblem in the lapel of his suit when he went to work. He never talked about his war experience. I learned what the caterpillar emblem meant after my father passed and I tracked down my father’s Co-pilot to learn more about their final mission. Ah-The Greatest Generation-quiet hero’s!

    • “He never talked about his war experience.”

      My father never talked to me about them either, but in his last years he did tell my sister about them, including the “hose out” jobs – eg this description from his pilot: “24 Dec 1944, Over Clark Field, Luzon: A 90 mm shell had entered just aft of the bomb-bay and exploded inside the airplane, killing radio operator T/Sgt. Paul Deis instantly. Waist gunner, Sgt. Vernon J. Farup, was trying to help the injured. Fifty-caliber machine gun ammunition in the waist position was exploding in all directions. Sgt. Farup threw the ammo boxes out the waist windows.”

      I can imagine many possible reasons, but I wonder why?